India, 24 other nations pledge action plans at Nuclear Summit

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Washington, DC: India, China, Japan and Canada were among 25 countries that announced specific action plans at the Nuclear Security Summit here with regard to non-proliferation, including setting up of facilities for research and development and contribution of funds to the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA).
Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, addressing the summit,  convened by US President Barack Obama on April 13, announced India’s decision to set up a Global Nuclear Energy Center for conducting research and development of design systems that are secure, proliferation resistant and sustainable.
As soon as Dr. Singh made the announcement, US President Barack Obama intervened to welcome it, saying “this will be one more tool to establish best practices” in the quest for nuclear safety.
While China said it would establish a nuclear security Center of Excellence, Japan announced launching an integrated regional support center, research and development on detection and forensics, contributing new resources to IAEA’s Nuclear Security Fund; and hosting and funding a World Institute of Nuclear Security best practices conference.
“I want to commend my partners for the very important commitments that they made in conjunction with this summit,” Obama said.
Armenia announced that it would ratify the International Convention on Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism (ICSANT) and pass new export control laws while Argentina said it would join the Global Initiative to Combat Nuclear Terrorism; moving toward the ratification of the ICSANT and the 2005 Amendment of the Conven-tion on Physical Protection of Nuclear Materials.
Australia said it is moving towards the ratification of the International Convention on Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism. Belgium announced that it is contributing $300,000 to IAEA’s Nuclear Security Fund.
Canada said that it would  unveil new bilateral security cooperation with Russia.
While Chile announced that it is removing all highly enriched uranium (18 kgs), Canada said it is returning a large amount of spent highly-enriched uranium fuel from their medical isotope production reactor to the US, championing the extension of G-8 Global Partnership Against Spread of Weapons and Materials of Mass Destruction, funding highly-enriched uranium removals from Mexico and Vietnam, hosting and funding a World Institute of Nuclear Security best practices workshop in Ottawa and unveiling a $100 million in new bilateral security cooperation with Russia.
France said it is ratifying the 2005 Amendment to the Convention on Physical Protection of Nuclear materials, inviting an International Physical Protection Advisory Service security review from IAEA, incorporating training in nuclear security at the European Nuclear Safety Training and Tutoring Insti-tute and the International Nuclear Energy Institute.
Finland has invited an International Physical Protec-tion Advisory Service security review from the IAEA and Germany said it would be moving toward ratifying the 2005 Amendment of the Conven-tion on Physical Protection of Nuclear Materials, while Georgia declared it signed an instrument of approval for International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism on April 7.
Italy signs Mega Ports Agreement with US
Italy signed a Mega Ports agreement to install detection equipment at ports with US; establishing a school of nuclear security in Trieste, in collaboration with the Abdus Salam International Center for Theoretical Physics and IAEA to train nuclear personnel from developing countries.
Further, Kazakhstan an-nounced converting a highly-enriched uranium research reactor and eliminating re-maining highly-enriched uranium, cooperative work on BN-350 rector shutdown and fuel security, hosting a Global Initiative Activity in June and considering an International Nuclear Security Training Center.
Mexico too pitched in by announcing to convert a highly-enriched uranium research reactor and eliminating remaining highly-enriched uranium working through IAEA.
South Korea comes forward to host next Summit
Norway announced a contribution of $3.3 million over the next four years to the IAEA nuclear security fund —flexible funds for use in developing countries — and another $500,000 in additional support to Kazakhstan’s efforts to upgrade portal monitors to prevent nuclear smuggling as part of the Global Initiative to Combat Nuclear Terrorism.
The Philippines announced it would join the Global Initiative to Combat Nuclear Terrorism, South Korea came forward to host next Nuclear Security Summit in 2012, Russia signed Plutonium Disposition protocol with US and Saudi Arabia announcing it will host UNSCR 1540 conference for Gulf Cooperation Council.
Thailand said that it is joining the Global Initiative to Combat Nuclear Terrorism. Ukraine announced it would be removing all highly enriched uranium by the next Summit — half of it by the year-end; the United Arab Emirates also signed a Mega Ports Agreement with the US and Vietnam said it would be converting a highly-enriched uranium research reactor joining the Global Initiative to Combat Nuclear Terrorism.
The UK announced contributing $6 million to the IAEA Nuclear Security Fund, inviting an International Physical Protection Advisory Service security review from the IAEA, ratification of the International Convention on Suppression of Acts of Nu-clear Terrorism and 2005 Amendment of the Conven-tion on Physical Protection of Nuclear Materials.

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