India is a global hub for innovation: Minister S.M. Krishna

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Washington, DC: The US-India Business Council’s 35th anniversary event — the Indo-US Strategic Partnership Summit opened at the State Department here on June 3.

Last July when United States Secretary of State Hillary Clinton visited India and launched what she described as US-India 3.0 — envisaged at taking the strategic partnership between the two countries to an even higher level — her first stop was not New Delhi, but Mumbai to meet with Ratan Tata, Mukesh Ambani and other leading Indian industrialists.

External Affairs Minister S. M. Krishna did exactly the same thing when he met American businessmen prior to the US-India government to government Strategic Dialogue, which he was chairing with Clinton.

In a keynote address to the US-India Business Council, which celebrates its 35th anniversary, Krishna, recognizing the vital role industry plays in shaping the policy of governments, said it is “the contribution of many pioneering entrepreneurs like those present here on June 3, who have built the strong resilient edifice of the India-US bilateral economic partnership.”

He said it was their “vision and leadership,” that had “achieved a mutually beneficial synergy that bridges distances, spans the oceans and lie between us and enriches the bilateral discourse in a way that was not imaginable 35 years ago.”

Krishna, a Fulbright Scholar and an alumnus of the South Methodist University  in Texas, recalling Prime Minister Manmohan Singh’s address to the USIBC when he visited Washington last November, said, “In today’s economically integrated world, economic relationships constitute the bedrock on which social, cultural and political relationships are built.”

Thus, he argued that “the India-US example, similarly, draws its strength not merely from engagement and understanding between governments, but from the vitality of private partnerships and the warmth of ties between our peoples.”

Krishna then wasted no time making a strong pitch for more US businesses to invest in India, declaring that if the 20th century was a century of capital accumulation, the 21st century would be the century of innovation, and that India is a “global hub for innovation, design and development and manufacturing.”

He then cited several examples of how India’s corporate sector was a key player in the country’s innovation initiative, including the Nano, where the Tatas saved production costs with their “design to cost” strategy, by challenging its vendors to come up with supplies under pre-set price caps, and Titan, producing the world’s slimmest water resistant watch, “and I believe the Swiss were impressed.”

“A product like the small car or a portable low-cost ECG machine are powerful examples of global capabilities applied to local needs, and have great potential in other markets,” the External Affairs Minister, a former Chief Minister of Karnataka, said.

India, Krishna said, is an ideal place for innovation “which depends on technology and a broad-based and diverse spread in all sectors of the economy and market.”

“A growing number of patents of US companies are coming out of their Indian operations,” he pointed out and argued that “the nature of our business ties has brought people together in an unprecedented manner that has had a profound impact on the overall relationship.”

Krishna said he had “observed the transformation at its earliest stages from close quarters as chief minister of Karnataka.”

He predicted that as the Indian economy grows, as the global economy recovers and the US economy regains its momentum, “our trade and investment figures can multiply exponentially.”

But Krishna exhorted, “We must go beyond that, make innovation the defining principle of our cooperation, and achieve its true potential.”
The Minister pointed out that Indian and American businesses have a proven track record of partnership in innovation, from civil nuclear cooperation to the Chandrayan space mission.

“The bonds between our engineers, scientists, entrepreneurs and innovators can make a major contribution to shaping the 21st  century in every area of human endeavor — in science, in tracking monsoons, for warning of natural disasters, guiding cultivators and farmers with environment predictability, crossing frontiers in e-learning, e-health and bringing about the e-revolution that one had     only imagined a few decades ago.”

Quoting the late management guru C. L. Prahalad, Krishna said, the prospective rewards would be “growth, profits and incalculable contribution to humankind.”

Krishna then went down memory lane, reminiscing about his student days in the US, saying, “As a young law students in America who witnessed the historic Apollo launch to the moon and having personally expedited the IT revolution in Bangalore, I am absolutely confident that the emphasis, going forward, must be on the India-US partnership in high technology cooperation and innovation that will generate prosperity for both our peoples in the years to come.”

“Indian importers have a 100 percent compliance record when it comes to safeguarding imported technology,” the Minister said and pointed          out that “we have been implementing the End-Use Verification Agreement with US partners for years now, and have, last year, agreed to a Technical Safeguards Agreement in space cooperation.”

Krishna said India also had reached an End Use Monitoring arrangement for defense acquisitions and added: “We have given a number of written assurances that US technology will enjoy the level of security stipulated by the relevant US laws and not be diverted in contravention of US regulations.”

“With this background and the trust that we have built as strategic partners, we should be able to create an environment for a robust two-way trade in advanced technology products,” he said.

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